This submit presents a assessment of on-line assets with metadata of French artworks. The survey distinguishes between ‘French museums and collections’,‘French historic assets’ and ‘Photographic and digital collections’.
It’s a sequel to earlier posts the place comparable details about on-line assets have been collected (1) and is a part of a serious effort to revise ‘The French Venus’, second catalogue printed in 2009 of the sequence of six ‘Topical Catalogues of the Iconography of Venus from the Center Ages to Trendy Occasions’ (2).
One other vital supply of drawings and lots of different varieties of artwork is Cat’zArts: the gathering of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA) in Paris with 88,000 works on-line out of a complete of 450,000.
Not all714 museums listed in Muséofile have an internet site and lots of should not have their collections on-line in Joconde. Some regional museums made associations selling their on-line collections. Examples:
Enluminures in POP is a selected wealthy assortment, unfold throughout France, however the Bibliothèque nationale de France BnF Gallica has inits digital library (6,015,636 paperwork) additionally a selected part Manuscrits
The part Images of BnF Gallica reveals hundreds of prints (estampes) from the XVth to the XXth century, subdivided in 8 components.
The bigger picure assortment BnF Banque d’images has practically 1 million photos from the general public area and newest works of the best artists. Its class ‘estampes’ of all sorts yields 175,942 outcomes.
French historic assets
The prime useful resource is the net assortment Salons , created in 2006 by Musée d’Orsay and INHA, with notices about 398,103 works of 223,710 artists who introduced 398,103 works in 321 exhibitions (Salons of French Artists, Nationwide Society of High-quality Arts, Salon d’Automne…) or group exhibitions (Impressionist exhibitions, Rose-Croix…) in Paris and in addition in different cities between 1673 and 1914.
There are not any photos obtainable in Salons, however Arcade, database ofArchives Nationales has on-line 34 photographic albums with 4,008 works exhibited within the Salons 1864-1901. Arcade additionally traces the genesis and historical past of artworks acquired, commissioned or managed by the State and native authorities, from 1800 to 1969 (124,663 data).
Recensement de la peinture française du XVIe siècle, together with work, wall work, stained glass, tapestries, embroidery.
·Répertoire des tableaux français en Allemagne (XVIIe – XVIIIe siècles) presently preserved in German museums.·
– Digital Muret with the drawings of Jean-Baptiste Muret (1795-1866) depicting a number of thousand vintage objects from private and non-private collections.
·Iconographie musicale : répertoire d’œuvres d’artwork à sujets musicaux, a compilation of work, drawings, prints and sculptures printed by Albert Pomme de Mirimonde (1897-1985).
– Les envois de Rome en peinture et sculpture, 1804-1914 with the paperwork associated to the actions and works of the residents of the Académie de France in Rome. Out of 1500 artworks despatched from Rome to Paris, 700 have been recognized in public or personal collections.
A bigger database of those paperwork, from the start in 1666 till the tip of the Prix de Rome competitors in 1968, is on the market in Artl@s, a collaborative database of ENS/ PSL Analysis College, Paris.
The Biblissima Portal is one other massive French historic useful resource. It’s a consortium of ten founding companions (amongst them BnF and Archives Nationales) and supplies entry to the digitized heritage (medieval manuscripts, incunabula and early printed books) of the Center Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe, from the eighth to the 18th century. It features a Map of Locations of Origin and Publications, a Map of Holding Establishments on the planet and even a Map of Locations depicted in Illuminations.
The database comprises info on all elements of the French theatre between 1600 and 1800, protecting performs, operas, ballets, fairground productions, avenue performances and different incidental theatrical entertainments of every kind. Furthermore, there may be an Imagebank the place every picture is described when it comes to content material, dimensions, identify of artist and/or engraver, supply, provenance, and so forth. The search will be made in 3 ways: 1. Search on the contents of all metadata entries 2. Search by class and/or identify 3. Artists and Engravers
with 53,500 recordsdata, 8,600 photos, 85 hrs video and so forth…
Photographic and digital collections
A protracted standing French assortment is L’Agence Photo RMN(Réunion des Musées Nationaux et du Grand Palais), since 1946formally in charge of selling and distributing the collections retained within the nationwide museums of France. There are 482,218 photos of artworks on-line. The filter ‘artwork français’ yields 42% or 203,126 photos, practically the identical quantity as within the database Joconde.
A newer and far bigger official initiative is Moteur collectionsoffering direct entry to 73 databases, 687 digital exhibitions and 178 web sites from each the Ministry of Tradition and associate websites. Over 7.5 million paperwork and over 5.7 million photos can be found.
An fascinating initiative since a few years is the personal photographic assortment SiteVasari, a French web site devoted to Western portray and sculpture, from XIII° to XX° century. It data about 35,7000 work, 5,300 sculptures, 9,600 artists, 12,600 conservation areas (museums, spiritual or public locations, personal collections) and 150 interactive city maps with areas of the artworks. The positioning lists additionally greater than 1,100 ‘catalogues raisonnés’ of artists. A search ‘France artists’ reveals 3,247 French artistswho will be ordered alphabetically or chronologically, by matter or by location.
In the identical method, Web Gallery of Art is a searchable database of European wonderful arts and structure (Third-Nineteenth centuries), presently containing over 48.600 reproductions. Its listing of ‘French’ artists counts about 1,000 names.
One other helpful web site is ARTCYCLOPEDIA, with 2,900 artwork websites and searching facility of its 9,000artists by nationality – one thing Google Arts and Tradition (see hereafter) doesn’t allow!
Bildarchiv Foto Marburgor Bildindexof the German Documentation Heart for Artwork Historical past has 2 million photos of artwork and structure in 13 European international locations from round 80 companions. The gathering is very fascinating as a result of it includes many photos of artworks now misplaced or destroyed. The search ‘Entstehungsort Frankreich‘ yields 69,317 photos.
On the worldwide degree the European consortium europeanapromotes the digital transformation of the cultural heritage sector in partnership with museums, galleries, libraries and archives. Nevertheless, these days, a search ‘French artists’ yields solely 7,787 photos.
Google Arts & Cultureis doubtless the biggest digital assortment with artworks of greater than 2000 cultural establishments from all over the world. Classes embrace 10,436 artists, 240 mediums, 129 artwork actions… however there isn’t a technique to type out the nation of origin of the artists nor of the artworks. A misplaced alternative… and bear in mind that artists are alphabetically ordered by their first identify ! a completely unscientific scheme !
The non-profit mission WikiArt Visual Art Encyclopedia is way smaller. It options some 250,000 artworks by 3,000 artists, localized in additional than 100 international locations. Luckily, it has theappropriate A-Z Listing : surname, given identify. A search by nation yields 420 French artistsin chronological order.
To finalise this survey, two examples of on-line collections among the many largest ones exterior France, offering an applicable search:·
The British Museum in London with 82,419 outcomes for ‘College/fashion: French’.
You may additionally like my different posts. Attempt the ‘dynamic view’. Pull down the menu of the left button within the header and you could select one among a number of choices of studying types: * Basic * Flipcard * Journal * Mosaic * Sidebar * Snapshot * Timeslide
Instance of dynamic view ‘Flipcard’ with search by date and label