“…helpful to Artists, to Males of Letters and by their means to the World typically”
This submit brings artists and their networks to the foreground, in a sequence about well-known illustrated books solely identified by the title of their authors or editors (1). A superb instance is William Hamilton’s & Pierre-François Hugues d’Hancarville’s monumental 4 volumes publication with bi-lingual frontispieces (2):
‘COLLECTION of Etruscan, Greek and Roman ANTIQUITIES from the Cupboard OF THE HON.BLE M W. HAMILTON his Britannick Maiesty’s ENVOY EXTRAORDINARY on the Courtroom of Naples’ Naples MDCCLXVI.
‘ANTIQUITÉS etrusques, grecques et romaines tirées du cupboard de M. Hamilton. Envoyé extraordinaire DE S. M. BRITANNIQUE en cour de Naples’ A Naples M. DCCLXVI
|Determine 1 Frontispieces and community visualization
of the ‘artwork world’ of Hamilton-d’Hancarville’s books (3)
The books include textual content with 85 engravings, together with frontispieces and dedications. Crucial half are 253 engravings and 183 hand-coloured plates within the 4 volumes. However, all the identical d’Hancarville’s assertion “…helpful to Artists” in his Preface vol. I, p.11 (Fig.2 backside traces), these artists, who created the illustrations in his lovely books, are seldom recorded in bibliographical references.
Determine 2 Preface of d’Hancarville “It’s to Mr. Hamilton that the Public is indebted, …”
Determine 3 Screenshot from the webpage of the Royal Academy
with a sequence of hand-coloured etchings (2)
A contented exception is the intensive reference within the library of the Royal Academy of Arts in London (2) the place six artists are listed among the many ‘Contributors’ and may be looked for worksof artwork: Giuseppe Bracci, draughtsman (fl. ca. 1761 – 1776?) – Antoine Alexandre Joseph Cardon, engraver (1739 – 1822) – Carlo Nolli, engraver (1720 – ca. 1776) – Carmine Pignatari, engraver (fl. ca. 1760 – 1780?) – Filippo de Grado, engraver (fl. 1728 – 1792) – Edmondo Beaulieu, draughtsman (fl. ca. 1766 – 1776?).
Nonetheless, in-text illustrations usually are not at all times signed by draughtsman or designer and/or engraver (see the vignettes in Fig.2 above) and only a few plates are signed. Therefore, it’s not stunning that, in keeping with Sebastian Schütze (4, p.20), this listing must also embrace the designer Giovanni Battista Tierce (1737-1790 ?) and the engravers Tommaso Piroli (1752-1824) andAntonio Lamberti (fl.1730-1830?).Schütze refers back to the main function of Giuseppe Bracci ‘who evidently developed a brand new printing course of specifically for the plates’.
Whereas the frontispieces of vols I and II bear the dates of 1766 and 1767, the monetary difficulties, amongst different troubles of d’Hancarville (see beneath), delayed the precise printing of vol. I to 1767, vol. II to 1770 and vols. III, IV to 1776. These latter volumes have been most likely printed in Florence and never in Naples. Moreover, uncertainty exists concerning the printers: in vols. I, II is said ‘Imprimé a Naples – Par François Morelli’ (ca.1767-ca.1830), solely often called a painter and engraver. However who was the printer of vols. III, IV in Florence ?
About Johann Joachim Winckelmann
and William Hamilton
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717-1768), the founder of contemporary archaeology and historical past of artwork, emphasised in 1764 for the primary time the significance of historical Greek-Roman vases, collected from the Renaissance onwards. He in contrast the vase-figures to RAFFAELLO’s drawings, as proof of the top quality of classical portray (4, p.18).
See COMMENT nr 3 beneath.
When William Hamilton (1730 – 1803) was appointed in 1764 as British Ambassador on the courtroom of Naples, he began up his giant assortment of 730 historical Greek-Roman black- and red-figured vases, excavated in Naples and environment, and finally acquired by the British Museum in 1772. Hamilton had taken very quickly the choice to edit an illustrated publication of his assortment and Winckelmann agreed to collaborate, however his tragic loss of life disallowed the partnership. Quantity II has a dedication-plate to the reminiscence of J.J. Winckelmann, designed by Giuseppe Bracci and engraved by Antoine Cardon (Fig.4) (4, p.192).
Hamilton turned the well-known host to quite a few distinguished guests, drawn to his antiquities, … and to his lovely spouse Emma Hart, who entertained the guests together with her ‘tableaux vivants’ or ‘attitudes’, imitating the poses of the vase-figures.
About different publications of d’Hancarville
Baron d’Hancarville (1719 – 1805), “one of the charismatic figures of the 18th century” (4, p.17), revealed many different publications (5).
d’Hancarville additionally revealed :
* Essai de politique et de morale calculée : Tome premier. 1759
and extremely erotic illustrated publications below fictitious imprints :
* Veneres uti observantur in gemmis antiquis Lugd[uni] Batavorvm [i.e. Naples?] 1771, a publication for which he was in hassle in Naples (see above).
* Monumens de la vie privée des XII Césars d’apres une suite de pierres et médailles gravées sous leur règne. Capree, chez Sabellus, 1780.
* Monumens du culte secret des dames romaines. Rome: De l’Imprimerie du Vatican, 1787.
See extra posts about forgotten artists who illustrated well-known publications:
Might 18, 2021 99/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (1): The Temple of Gnide
October 25, 2021 102/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (3): a disordered hyper-network
November 11, 2021 103/ Mad about Baudelaire and his Venus statue or Artwork networks of illustrated publications (4)
April 13, 2022 107/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (5): define engravers of the early 19thcentury in France
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